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Nasb

Published: 2018-12-01

Nasb or نسب in Arabic helps us to attribute/associate a person to particular country, city etc. Suppose we want to say this person is from Misr, we will say

هذا مصري


Where word مصري is made from word مصر by adding يّ known as ياء النسب in the end i.e.

مِصْرِ + يّ = مصري


Sometimes, Arab makes Nasb in فَعّال form. We mostly use this form in the names of people involved in a handicraft. For example,

  • حَدَّاد (blacksmith) from حديد
  • نجَّار (Carpentar)
  • بَقَّال (Owner of Grocary)
  • حذّاء (shoemaker)

Nasb forms

Categories of Nasb

Nasb forms can only be made with Nouns (اسم) and is divided into following categories,

Category 1 Three letter nouns having ة مربوطة at end
Transformation Rule of Nasb: Remove the ة and add يّ
For example, we have

  • مكة => مكّ => مَكِّيّ
  • شجرة => شجر => شجرِيّ
  • حنيفة => حنيف => حنفِيّ
  • بصرة => بصر => بصريّ

إذا كان في آخر الاسم المنسوب تاء تأنيث يجب أن نحذفها


Category 2 Nouns having الاسم المقصور at end
Category 2a Three letter nouns having ا as third letter (إذا كان الألف الحرف الثالث)
Transformation Rule of Nasb: Turn ا into و and add يّ
For example, we have

  • فتى => فتو => فتوِيّ
  • ربا => ربو => رِبَوِيّ

Category 2b Four letter nouns having ا as fourth letter (إذا كان الألف الحرف الرابع)

  • If second letter has harakah (الحرف الثاني متحرك)
    Transformation Rule of Nasb: Drop ا and add يّ
    For example, we have
    • كنَدا => كَنَد => كندِيّ

  • If second letter has Sukun (الحرف الثاني ساكن)

    • Transformation Rule of Nasb (Option 1): Drop ا and add يّ
      For example, we have - حبلى => حبل => حُبْلِيّ - دنيا => دني => دنييّ

    • Transformation Rule of Nasb (Option 2): Turn ا into و and add يّ
      For example, we have - حبلى => حبلو => حُبْلَوِيّ - دنيا => دنيو => دنيويّ


Category 2c Five letter nouns having ا as fifth letter (إذا كان الألف الحرف الخامس)
Transformation Rule of Nasb: Drop ا and add يّ
For example, we have

  • مصطفى => مصطف => مصطفِيّ
  • فرنسا => فرنس => فرنسيّ
    Note: Same rule can be applied with words having ا as sixth letter or more than that

Reference

Nasb
Sarf
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