Ma Hijaziyah Vs Ma Tamimiyah

Negation in any language is very common and so in Arabic language. There are multiple ways to negate a sentence in Arabic language and one among them is to use ما at the beginning of sentence.
Again Arabic being a colorful language comes with a colorful set of rules when we use ما to negate a sentence. So without further Ado lets begin and learn its rules (إن شاء الله)

Types of Negation with ما

أَقْسام ما النافية

There are two types of ما النافية in Arabic Grammar

Types of ما النافية

ما النافية الحجازية

Characteristics of ما النافية الحجازية are as follows

Irab of ما زيدٌ مجتهداً

ما الحجازية حرف نفي مبني لا محل له من الإعراب
اسم ما الحجازية مرفوع
خبر ما الحجازية منصوب

ما النافية التميمية

Characteristics of ما النافية التميمية are as follows

Irab of ما زيدٌ مجتهدٌ

ما التميمية حرف نفي مبني لا محل له من الإعراب
مبتدأ مرفوع
خبر مرفوع

Quran came down in language of Hijaz i.e. in the language of people of Makkah. So we often find negation with ما النافية الحجازية

Quran Examples:

One fine point to remember is When we use إلا with ما it doesn’t affect the sentence.
Example وما محمدٌ إلا رسولٌ (Ref: 59:2)


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